There are different test used to diagnose diabetics. Some of these test, especially those that help determine a person’s blood sugar level, can also indicate whether one is normal or predisposed to diabetics. With such knowledge, one is then able to research on ways on how to best prevent the occurrence of diabetics or to best manage the condition if already a diabetic.
The typical test used in determining the blood sugar levels is the Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C). However, in situations where the test is not available or the A1C result are likely to be inaccurate due to conditions such as pregnancy or the rare form of hemoglobin referred to as a hemoglobin variant, other tests such as random blood sugar test, fasting blood sugar test and oral glucose tolerance test may be used.
A person can know if they have diabetics, are healthy or predisposed to diabetics if the tests from the above three tests indicate as follows;
One has diabetics if;
A person is diabetic if in a Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C) his blood sugar level is 6.5 percent or higher in two separate independent tests. A random blood sugar test regardless of when one last ate of 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) to 11.1 millimoles per liter (mmol/L) or higher indicates that one is diabetic.
Also, a fasting blood sugar test level of 126 mg/dL (7 mmol/L) or higher on two separate independent tests shows one has diabetes just like an oral glucose tolerance test reading more than 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L).
One is predisposed to diabetics if;
One can tell if he has high chances of being diabetics, especially if in a Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C) his blood glucose level is between 5.7 and 6.4 percent.
One is also prediabetes if blood sample taken after an overnight fast in a fasting blood sugar test indicates sugar levels from 100 to 125 mg/dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L). A reading between 140 and 199 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L and 11.0 mmol/L) also indicates prediabetes in instances when an oral glucose tolerance test is done.
You are normal if;
However, one is considered normal when in a Glycated hemoglobin test (A1C) the blood sugar level is below 5.7 percent, the fasting blood sugar level is less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) and the oral glucose tolerance test blood sugar level is less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L).