There are 18.2 million Americans living with diabetes and another 13 million people who have just been diagnosed with the conditions. What exactly is diabetes and how many types are there?
A Closer Look At Diabetes
Diabetes derives from Diabeinain ñ the Greek word meaning ìto pass throughî ñ think urination. The first part of the scientific word for Diabetes is Mellitus, which is Latin for ìSweetened together with honey.î So together, the two words mean sweetened urine or just sugar in urine.
Diabetes is the result of when the body is unable to produce or properly make use of insulin ñ the hormone that controls how sugar, starch and other foods are converted into glucose. The pancreas is in charge of releasing this hormone into the blood. Its duty is to maintain the blood glucose level within a certain range deemed normal.
After a person eats, the mealís glucose is stored in the liver as glycogen and is released into the blood between mealtimes. Insulin role is controlling the storage and release of glucose ñ to make sure that glucose is always in the blood at a certain point but never too much or too little.
WHO Defines Five Kinds Of Diabetes
The World Health Organization has classified diabetes into five types:
ï Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes)
ï Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes)
ï Gestational Diabetes
ï Diabetes Insipidus
ï Bronze Diabetes
Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 1 Diabetes)
This kind of diabetes is the result of the pancreas unable to make the hormone insulin (usually attacking children and young adults). A lack of insulin means the sugar and starches cannot breakdown and become fuel for the body (energy).
Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes (Type 2 Diabetes)
This kind of diabetes happens later in a personís life where the pancreas cannot produce an adequate amount of insulin for one reason or another (or a multitude of reasons).
This kind of diabetes happens when a woman is pregnant and usually goes away three weeks after giving birth. Itís thought that three percent of pregnancies will develop gestational diabetes, and half of them will actually be diagnosed with diabetes later on.
This is a rare type of diabetes but happens when there is a disruption in how the body uses the system to control the water levels.
This is a genetic disorder, which is the result of too much iron being stored in the body. It can cause organ damage, such as damage to the pancreas that will lead to the development of diabetes.