Diabetes is the condition caused by an excessive amount of sugar in the bloodstream, which causes the body to be unable to properly take care of carbohydrates. Diabetes causes so many health problems such as kidney failure, blindness, nerve damage, heart disease and stroke. With so many health problems it can cause, itís amazing how many people still believe the misconceptions of this disease.
ï One misconception is that diabetes is a kids-only disease, which means thereís no reason to be worried about it as an adult.
ï Another misconception is that diabetes hits older populations, and middle-aged individuals are not at risk for developing it.
ï Another misconception is that older people with diabetes often have a mild form of it, meaning they donít have to worry so much about its effects.
Wrong! Wrong! Wrong!
Here Is What You Have To Understand About Diabetes
There are multiple types of diabetes, but the most common are type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Both conditions are the result of high blood sugar levels, and abnormal protein and fat metabolism. However, type 1 diabetes only occurs in up to 10 percent of the population ñ usually in young adults once known as juvenile-onset diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes ñ known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or adult-onset diabetes ñ affects nearly 90 to 95 percent of all adults with diabetes. Itís commonly seen in adults older than 45 but younger than age 60.
When you consume carbohydrates, the body converts it into sugar, which causes the blood sugar level to rise. When this happens, the pancreas releases the hormone insulin, which helps to send sugar into cells. These cells will either burn the sugar or store it for another time. Insulin helps to move the sugar to various locations such as the liver, muscles, other body cells, etc.
With type 1 diabetes, the bodyís autoimmune reaction damages the pancreatic beta cells, which are the only cells that can generate insulin to regular sugar levels. People with this type of diabetes must take insulin injections to survive. Failure to do so could result in death.
With type 2 diabetes, the cells are unable to use insulin right, which causes the pancreas to be unable to generate the amount of insulin the body is calling for. These are all kinds of reasons a person may develop type 2 diabetes including: age, obesity, genes, gestational diabetes history, lack of exercise, race, weakened glucose metabolism, etc.